Publicado: 24 feb 2016 15:56 GMT | Última actualización: 24 feb 2016 16:09 GMT
Pese al deshielo de las relaciones entre EE.UU. y Cuba, Barack Obama ha prolongado las sanciones contra La Habana durante un año más.
Carlos Barria / Reuters
"Declaro que he emitido un decreto sobre los cambios y la continuación del régimen de estado de emergencia [con respecto a Cuba]. La proclamación reconoce la reanudación de relaciones diplomáticas entre EE.UU. y Cuba y que EE.UU. continúa persiguiendo el objetivo de una gradual normalización de las relaciones", reza el comunicado de Obama al Congreso, el cual ha sido difundido por la Casa Blanca.
Message -- Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Cuba
TO THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES:
Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States, including section 1 of title II of Public Law 65-24, ch. 30, June 15, 1917, as amended (50 U.S.C. 191), sections 201, 202, and 301 of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, I hereby report that I have issued a Proclamation to modify and continue the national emergency declared in Proclamations 6867 and 7757.
The Proclamation recognizes that certain descriptions of the national emergency set forth in Proclamations 6867 and 7757 no longer reflect the international relations of the United States related to Cuba. Further, the Proclamation recognizes the reestablishment of diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba, and that the United States continues to pursue the progressive normalization of relations while aspiring toward a peaceful, prosperous, and democratic Cuba.
The Proclamation clarifies the national emergency related to Cuba and specifically provides the following statements related to U.S. national security and foreign policy:
- It is U.S. policy that a mass migration from Cuba would endanger the security of the United States by posing a disturbance or threatened disturbance of the international relations of the United States.
- The unauthorized entry of vessels subject to the jurisdiction of the United States into Cuban territorial waters is in violation of U.S. law and contrary to U.S. policy.
- The unauthorized entry of U.S.-registered vessels into Cuban territorial waters is detrimental to U.S. foreign policy, and counter to the purpose of Executive Order 12807, which is to ensure, among other things, safe, orderly, and legal migration.
- The possibility of large-scale unauthorized entries of U.S.-registered vessels would disturb the international relations of the United States by facilitating a possible mass migration of Cuban nationals.
I have directed the Secretary of Homeland Security (the "Secretary") to make and issue such rules and regulations as the Secretary may find appropriate to regulate the anchorage and movement of vessels, and authorize and approve the Secretary's issuance of such rules and regulations, as authorized by the Act of June 15, 1917.
I am enclosing a copy of the Proclamation I have issued.